Resistors are commonly used electronic components that are available in various sizes, ranging from small surface mount chip resistors to large, wire-wound power versions, and such products are found in nearly every circuit board and electronic device you use. A resistor is a two-terminal electrical component, and its primary purpose is to introduce resistance in an electrical circuit, reducing current flow. However, resistors are also applicable for other purposes such as adjusting signal levels, dividing voltages, biasing active elements, and terminating transmission lines. The range of resistors used is expanding with new applications; new series combinations and parallel networks are being created to establish complex circuits that work as droppers, dividers, or limiters for voltage levels in a circuit.


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MOSFET is an acronym for “metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor,” which is an important element in embedded system design that is utilized to control the loads as per a user’s requirements. Many electronic projects such as light intensity control, motor control, and max generator applications take advantage of the MOSFET. Additionally, the MOSFET provides key features for circuit designers in terms of overall performance.


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Voltage regulation is a necessary element of any electronic system. Without this technology, electronic circuits and their associated components would be prone to damage and failure, while also risking operator safety due to an increased fire hazard. Voltage regulation is achieved through the implementation of several components, those of which may vary in design between applications. In this blog, we will discuss how voltage regulators work and the most common types available on the market.


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Resistors are used extensively in electronic circuits to help modulate electrical activity for various reasons. Depending on their design and material composition, resistors may be used to selectively reduce current flow, divide voltages, terminate transmission lines, and more. One of the most common types of resistors found in applications demanding a high amount of resistance is the carbon-film resistor. In this blog, we will discuss everything you need to know about this important component, including its function and varying applications.


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The carbon composition resistor is one of the most basic resistor types that one may procure, having first been designed and developed during the early 1960s. Containing a solid cylindrical resistive element and lead wires attached to metal end caps or embedded wire leads, the carbon composition resistor is non-inductive for the benefit of surge protection and voltage pulse reduction applications. While carbon composition resistors have since been superseded by other resistors for numerous applications, they still find use in power supplies, welding controls, vintage electronic devices, and other settings. In this blog, we will discuss the carbon composition resistor in more detail, allowing you to have a better understanding of their design and functionality.


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When one thinks of a screw, the image likely brought up is that of a common steel fastener often seen in general applications. However, there are many different materials employed in screw designs, each used for specific applications. One of the most peculiar materials used in screw technology is nylon, the same material found in clothing and other fabrics. In this blog, we will be discussing the properties that make nylon screws special, as well as some of their practical applications.


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Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) are integral components of almost all electrical, electronic, and electromechanical devices and gadgets. PCBs consist of multilayer laminated structures used to support and connect electronic components through the use of conductive pathways, tracks, or signals. Circuit boards that are specially designed for aerospace and aviation applications are made to withstand extreme environmental conditions, radiation, chemicals, contaminants, and more. With this in mind, this blog will cover the design and construction of circuit boards made for such applications.


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Resistors are components that are commonplace within countless electronic devices, allowing for current and voltage to be managed in various ways. Metal film resistors in particular are film resistors that take advantage of special metals or alloys and a resistor film layer that is formed through vacuum evaporation or sputtering. Coming in a few primary subtypes, metal film resistors are often installed within household appliances, instruments, and communication devices. With high precision, stable performance, light construction, and simplistic structures, metal film resistors serve an important role in electronics, military, and aerospace industries.


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Isolators and circuit breakers are two common electronic equipment pieces found in various applications and industries, managing various aspects of current and electrical flow for the means of safety. While having a somewhat similar general role in providing safety, the specific operations and use of both equipment types differ from one another. As both can prevent hazardous electrical conditions and are highly beneficial for many systems, it can be quite advantageous to be familiar with each.


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Photodiodes and phototransistors are often compared to one another, both being capable of transforming light energy into an electrical current. While providing similar methods of operation, both components differ from each other in their current gain and internal components. In order to better understand the distinct roles that the photodiode and phototransistor serve, one must first familiarize themself with the internal makeup and processes of each.


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A Transistor is a common type of semiconductor device, capable of amplifying or switching electrical signals and power. As a building block of modern electronics, transistors typically feature three or more terminals that establish connection to an external circuit and enable the application of power to control another terminal’s current. While transistors may be packed independently within a circuit, they may also be arranged onto a single semiconductor, establishing what is known as a transistor array.


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To help mitigate the spread of electricity beyond a designated threshold within assemblies, apparatuses such as electrical insulators are commonly implemented. Often found in solid, liquid, and gaseous states, insulators have evolved over time to reduce faults, improve reliability, and reduce human harm resulting from electrical exposure. Within an environment where electricity needs to be meticulously controlled, such as those containing electrical wires, high voltage systems, microelectronics, and more, insulators and their lack of electrical conductivity help keep both humans and electrical apparatuses safe.


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A transformer is an electrical device designed to transfer alternating current or voltage from one circuit to another through electromagnetic induction. Electrical transformers convert AC voltage from one value to another, and can be designed to “step” a voltage up or down. There are many different types of transformers used to carry out different functions. In this blog, we will discuss the twelve most commonly used types of transformers.


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A capacitor is a passive electronic component that is capable of storing an electric charge within an electric field. The film capacitor is a common capacitor type, and they utilize insulating plastic film as their dielectric and may act as a carrier of electrodes when paired with paper. Regularly found within X-rays, phase shifters, safety capacitors, and fluorescent light ballasts, such capacitor types are very useful for a number of electronic devices. To understand how a film capacitor may be used, it is important to first learn about their working principles and functionalities.


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Electricity is a powerful source of energy, allowing for countless systems, appliances, and devices to function with power. As electricity is volatile in its nature, it is important that various devices are used to mitigate its flow and protect systems from surges, faults, and other issues. Circuit breaker and isolator devices are two common types of equipment that are often used for dealing with electrical faults. As each device presents its own unique functionality, construction, and application, understanding the differences between the two can be very beneficial when searching for protection devices.


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Plugs, connectors, ports, and jacks all have a role to play within an electrical system. They are commonly used in conjunction with one another, and the intricacy of some electrical systems can make it difficult to fully understand the differences between these components. In this blog, we will discuss unique characteristics of each and hopefully clear up any confusion you may have about their differences.


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Fasteners are used in a wide range of applications and industries to keep important parts and assemblies together. As such, they are commonly made from very strong and robust materials. For this reason, it may come as a surprise that fasteners made from nylon hardware such as nylon insert lock nuts not only exist, but play a crucial role in a myriad of fastening applications. Therefore, when carrying out an industrial or manufacturing process that heavily relies on fasteners, nylon fasteners should be considered just as seriously as traditional types of fasteners. In fact, in many cases, nylon fasteners have superior qualities over other fastener types. This blog will cover what nylon fasteners are, what they are made from, and why they are used.


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A sensor is a device that detects physical or chemical changes including pressure, force, or an electrical quantity. Simply put, a sensor is a device that helps send a signal from an object to a human operator. After detection, the signal is sent to the processor before the sensor ultimately produces an output signal that corresponds to the input signal. A resistive sensor is an electromechanical device that converts a mechanical change into an electrical signal that can be monitored after conditioning. There are three types of resistive sensors: resistive transducers, potentiometers, and strain gauges. This blog will cover each in detail.


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A relay is an electrically operated switch that consists of a set of input terminals for one or multiple control signals and a set of operating contact terminals. Relays are classified into two groups: contact relays (electromechanical) and contactless relays (semiconductor). Within these groups are a variety of subgroups. Subgroups of contact relays include signal and power relays, while those of contactless relays include solid-state and photorelays. Solid-state relays typically utilize semiconductor photo triacs, phototransistors, or photo thyristors as the output device and are limited to AC loads alone. Adversely, photorelays use MOSFETs as the output device and are capable of handling both AC and DC loads. Photorelays are mainly used as replacements for signal relays. This blog will discuss photorelays in greater detail.


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Relays and circuit breakers are both electrical devices involved in the transmission of electrical signals. Despite this, they have many distinct differences. This blog will break down the differences between relays and circuit breakers.


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Some people mistakenly believe that a sensor and a transducer are the same item, and as a result use the term synonymously. But the fact is that there are key differences between the two. If you are working frequently with either sensors or transducers, it would benefit you to understand the significant differences and learn the basic functions of each. Read on below to gain a better understanding of the two.


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